Teach for America is not a volunteer organization…

…it’s a teacher-placement service. And depending how you feel about Teach for America’s mission and effectiveness, potentially a very expensive one.

There seems to be a common misconception that TFA is a volunteer organization like Peace Corps and Americorps, where corps members receive only a small living allowance and no wage. This editorial prompted me to try to help clear that up. While TFA corps members are considered members of Americorps, this only means TFA members are eligible for the loan forbearance and post-service education awards all Americorps members receive.

  1. Teach for America teachers are full employees of the school district in which they work and are paid out of district budgets. The school district pays corps members a full teaching salary plus benefits, just like any other teacher. TFA reports corps member salaries between $30,000 and $51,000.
  2. In some cases, school districts may also pay Teach for America a placement fee for each teacher hired from the corps. This seems to be a regional determination: this Rethinking Schools article by Barbara Miner (pdf) reports St. Louis schools paid TFA $2000 per placement; Birmingham schools reportedly paid TFA $5000 per placement.
  3. In 2008, the funding for about 25% of TFA’s operating expenses (or nearly $25 million) came from government grants. TFA also recently won a 5-year, $50 million grant in the Department of Education Investing in Innovation competition.

Add up all the taxpayer money spent, and then remember the entire 2010 TFA corps contains only 4,500 teachers. [Note: This number is of new recruits for 2010. The total number of active TFA corps members is around 8000.]

And then consider the middling results of Stanford’s 6-year study of TFA teachers in Houston (press summary, pdf full text), which found that uncertified TFA teachers only performed equivalently to other uncertified teachers and were out-performed by fully-certified teachers (as measured by student performance on standardized tests), after controlling for teacher backgrounds and student population characteristics. Even after TFA teachers become certified, they “generally perform[ed] on par” with traditionally-certified teachers.

Updated: Commenter Michael Bishop mentioned this 2004 Mathematica Policy Research study of Teach for America (pdf), which used random assignment of students to teachers. This was a one-year comparison study of TFA teachers to non-TFA teachers (novice and veteran) and found significant effects of TFA status for math results, but not for reading or behavioral outcomes.

And for those keeping score at home, the Mathematica study reports school districts paid TFA $1500 per teacher.

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